Sexual medicine is concerned with human sexuality and its disorders. Taking physical, psychological, social, individual and couple dimensions into account, sexual medicine attempts to improve sexual health through prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation. The impact of other medical conditions and/or their treatments on sexual function and physical intimacy are also included in this branch of medicine.
How common are women’s sexual problems?
If you are a woman experiencing sexual symptoms, it’s important to realize that you are not alone. Nearly half of all post-pubertal women in the U.S., as well as the vast majority of peri- and post-menopausal women, experience sexual symptoms that reduce their desire for physical intimacy. This high prevalence is partially due to the hormone fluctuations that women undergo, but there are many other factors that can impact sexual health. Chronic illnesses such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and depression, and even the medications used to treat these conditions can interfere with sexual response. Ironically, even birth control pills may have a negative effect.
What Are Some
COMMON SEXUAL COMPLAINTS?
- Loss of sexual desire – often due to hormonal changes, medical conditions and treatments, depression, stress, and fatigue.
- Inability to become aroused – often due to insufficient vaginal lubrication, inadequate stimulation, and blood flow disorders.
- Lack of orgasm – often due to insufficient stimulation, certain chronic illnesses, and medications.
- Painful intercourse (dyspareunia) – due to inflammation (vaginitis), poor lubrication, presence of scar tissue, and endometriosis.
- Vulvodynia, Vestibulodynia, and chronic vulvar burning –often due to infections, allergic reactions or unknown causes.